JAVELIN THROW

Unlike the other throws the javelin begins with an approach run and is relatively light. The javelin thrower is unique amongst the throwers needing a "quick arm" as well as speed and strength.

EVENT PHASE

 

 

PREPARATION (ENTRY)

Stand with the javelin held above the shoulder

Javelin points forward, near horizontal
Palm under the binding

MOMENTUM BUILDING PHASE

I

Run forward gradually developing speed
Arm steady
Javelin at head height, palm underneath
withdrawal starts on the left foot
Left shoulder turned in direction of throw, left hand held forward for balance
Throwing arm extended backwards

MOMENTUM BUILDING PHASE

II

Longer flatter drive step after pushing off with the left foot
Right leg overtakes the left leg
Before landing the left leg is again in front of right leg

Left leg lands on heel and braces Throwing arm is still extended at shoulder height

TRANSFER PHASE (POWER POSITION)

Right foot lands at acute angle to direction of throw
Legs have overtaken the trunk of shoulder, javelin & hip are parallel

Throwing arm is straight Left foot lands actively and blocks

DELIVERY

Throwing elbow turned inwards, palm upwards Hips turn quickly forward, arm next to the body

Shoulder and arm strike
Right elbow drawn forwards and upwards
alongside the head

Maintain right foot contact during throw

RECOVERY

Watch the javelin begin its flight
Right leg brought forward to brace body and prevent fouling
Left leg swings backwards
Leave 1.5—2 metres from brace foot to foul line

Correct javelin technique is essential.
Poor technique will result in elbow injuries which are difficult to treat and which may end an athlete’s career.
The javelin must be thrown from above the shoulder.